Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Dependence: Question whether statements, phenomena, beliefs, attitudes, actions are influenced causally or otherwise by other statements, beliefs, events, actions etc. and whether this influence is indispensable for their realization. See also counterfactuals, absoluteness.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Simons, Peter
 
Books on Amazon
Dependence I 293
Dependency/Simons: always in relation to something - E.g. logical: proposition A cannot be true without proposition B being true - e.g. functional: gas pressure, volume, temperature - E.g. ontological: this whiteness of this paper.
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I 294
Definition general function/logical form/Simons: a depends as F in respect to G of b iff a cannot be F without b being G. Easier: necessary: if a is an F, then b is a G.- (s)N(Fa> Gb) - "If something is so, then something else must be different" - where is the connection? - Solution/8s) it is about the "if".
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I 294
Ontological dependency/Simons: between objects - (unlike other dependencies) - it is a must de re - E.g. essential part.
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I 296
Ontological dependency/Simons: E.g. the largest satellite of Jupiter cannot exist if Jupiter does not exist - but: wrong: that Ganymede could not exist without Jupiter - solution: scope - against: the dependence Ganymede's of Jupiter is instead a conceptual dependence - it could not be described as a moon of Jupiter if Jupiter did not exist - conceptual: E.g. no husband without a wife.
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I 296
((S) Definition weak, rigid dependency/Simons/(s): y is not necessary, but if x exists, then it is - (s) that is not superimposed by self-dependency.)
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I 297
Generically dependent/generic function/Simons: E.g. the human cannot exist without carbon atoms -" but it does not matter which carbon atoms are part of him.
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I 300
Definition rigid dependency/Simons: spelling 7. - E.g. smile not only dependent on one face, but from his face - conceptual rigid dependence: E.g. the species: twin, fiancee, partner, riverside -> Independence.
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I 302
Dependency/strongest form/Simons: that of an object that is an essential part of another.
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I 303
Definition strong rigid dependency/Simons: excludes cases where objects have significant parts as cases of dependency - an object is dependent, if it requires the existence of something that is not part of it - E.g. heartbeat is not part of the organism - similar to Husserl's foundation: if an "a" can only exist in a broader unit, which connects it with a Âμ - Definition moment/Simons: if "b" consolidates "a" or vice versa, "a" is a moment of "b".
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I 305
Definition accident/Simons: a moment which is always dependent on its foundation.
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I 306
Definition substrate: is then the basis for accident - e.g. at events. "Is not part" .., - at continuants: "is never part" ..- accident/Simons: E.g. a smile is an accident of the face, e.g. a headache or e.g. a thought an accident of its bearer, e.g. the instantiation of a quality of an object is an accident of the object(!) that it qualifies. ((S) So not accident of the property) - E.g. relational accident: weddings, e.g. football matches.
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I 309
Dependency/Simons: accident: excludes i.e. dependency of predecessors. Moment: the one of necessary essences and essential parts - Human: could be accident of the universe at the most - Vs: then the universe would be necessary - then it would be more a description than a name - solution: dependence of the human on the environment is generic and not rigid - human: could be accident at most, because of certain processes in his/her inner side - "substance: must not be, in this sense, "absolutely independent" - solution: everything from which the substance is modally and temporally, rigidly dependent, is a part of it - that means it is a weak self-contained unit.

Si I
P. Simons
Parts Oxford New York 1987


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-26