|Absolute: something that is not dependent on conditions. Question is there absolute rest, absolute speed? - Antonym to relative.|
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Absolute Point of Rest/Newton/Field: he considers it possible and necessary to define absolute acceleration (bucket experiment). - Absolute Acceleration/Newton: uses the laws of mechanics for explanation - acceleration can only be explained by absolute speed. - For this we need an absolute point of rest. - FieldVs: that does not work, because the theory itself cannot pick out a reference system.
MachVsNewton: theory change, does not need a resting point. - FieldVsMach/FieldVsTheory Change: better: define acceleration without numerical speed and resting point. - Faber: FieldVsTensors: they are arbitrary. - Solution/Field: simultaneity. - Point: sameness of place over time is absolute rest! - Vs: that does not work within Newton's theory! - Solution: concept of space without structure (intrinsic). - Solution: >affine geometry - (this also for Newton).
Horwich I 419
Relativism/Absolute/Field: statements about justification relative to a system are absolutely true or false.
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980
P. Horwich (Ed.)
Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994