|Analytic/synthetic: achieved by decomposition or by composition. In philosophy analytically true = true according to the meaning of the components - synthetic insight = substantial expansion of knowledge.|
|Quine, Willard Van Orman
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Lasting sentences: meaning of the stimulus is more sparse -accordingly: synonymy of stimuli is less plumable > VsAnalyticity.
Material implication "p impl q" not equal to "p > q" (mention/use) - "implies" and "analytical" are the best general terms.
QuineVsAnalyticity: one can form universal categorical sentences e.g. - "A dog is an animal" oneself later. - Of these, we will not say that they are analytical or even true. - Analyticity is as social as language. - Random first examples should not have any special status - Definition analytical/Quine: a sentence is analytical if everyone learns the truth of the sentence by learning the words. - That’s bound as social uniformity because of the observation character. - Every person has a different set of first learned analytical sentences - therefore Vs.
Analytical/QuineVsKant: limits them to subject-predicate form - reformulated: "true by force of meaning, regardless of the facts" - VsEssentialism: creature arbitrary: a biped must be two-legged (because of his feet), but he does not need to be rational - This is relative.
Analyticity/Quine: a) logically true: "No unmarried man is married" - b) translatable into logical truth: Bachelor/unmarried: problem: based on unclear synonymy.
Analytical/Carnap: "true under any state description" - QuineVsCarnap: this only works when the atom sentences are independent - not with bachelor/unmarried.
VII 28 ~
Analyticity/Quine: we need an adverb "neccess.", which is designed in that way that it delivers truth when it is applied to an analytical truth, but then we would indeed have to know what "analytical" is. - Problem: The extensional agreement of bachelor/unmarried man relies more on random facts than on meaning - A. cannot mean that the fact component would be zero: that would be a unempirical dogma.
Verification theory/Peirce: the method is the meaning - then "analytically" borderline case: method does not matter - synonymous: method of refutation and confirmation are the same.
Analytical/Quine: early: a is a statement when it is synonymous with a logically true statement.
VII 161 ~
Analyticity/Quine: approximate truth because of meaning - that says nothing about existence.
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003