|Quotes: symbols for highlighting parts in a sentence or text. Often for identification of quotations or for distancing. For philosophical problems see also mention/use, quasi-quotation.|
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|Quotation Marks||I 438
Anaphora/Brandom: you cannot describe a cat by referring to it as "it".
Truth/Brandom thesis: "true" works anaphorically and not descriptively.
Pronoun/Brandom: old: only linguistically, like bound variables (co-reference) - new: anaphora is more basal than deixis! - Deixis implies anaphora - anaphora possible without index words, but not vice versa.
Anaphora/Reference/Uniqueness/Unrepeatability/Brandom: Substitution is note definable for unrepeatable Tokenings, of course - therefore anaphoric reference must be made to them.
Deixis requires anaphora. No language can indicate if it does not possess asymmetric, anaphoric constructions - the predecessor may even be a merely possible Tokening: "refers to".
Two options: a) Type recurrence: symmetrically acquired significance (e.g. proper names of specific descriptions) - 2) indexical, asymmetric.
Anaphora/rigidity/Brandom: anaphoric chains are rigid - but not "impure chains": Leibniz could have had a different name, so it is possible that the person to which "Leibniz" refers is not Leibniz - N.B.: in counterfactual situations, expressions with different token recurrence structures would be considered factual.
Anaphoric chains/Evans/Brandom: Problem: if the predecessor is quantified: E.g. Hans bought some donkeys and Heinz vaccinated them (all or some of them?) - E.g. few politicians came to the party, but they enjoyed themselves a lot (few of the few?).
Evans: Proposal: I 956 An expression a dominates an expression b then if and only if the first branch node that dominates a, also dominates b (and a and b do not dominate each other mutually).
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Distancing quotation marks/Brandom: one takes the responsibility for the claim - however, one attributes the responsibility that these words are appropriate to another - the exact reverse of de re attribution.
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001