|Association: linking of sensations, ideas, thoughts or beliefs that is acquired by repetition (even unconsciously). Unlike causality.|
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Association/Association Law/Hume/Cartwright: one factor explains the other, if there is only a certain privileged relation between them - Symmetry - Problem: >reference class problem - unlike causality: Asymmetry: cause and effect cannot be interchanged.
E.g. Symmetry: conditional probability: its growth is symmetric: P(E I C) > P(E) iff. P(C I E) > P(C).
How the laws of physics lie Oxford New York 1983