Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Atom: in philosophy indivisible, possibly only assumed object. Not empirical, but argumentative.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Simons, Peter
Books on Amazon
Atoms I 28
Individuals may be no atoms. - Atoms would all be identical because they have the same parts (i.e. none).
I 41
Atomless/Mereology: e.g. the open sets of a Euclidean space - deep question: whether the mereology is atomistic or atomless. - Atomless: E.g. continua in the space-time, space time regions, etc. - mathematically: discrete - but not perceptual.
Atomless mereology: points, lines, etc. are not part of specific individuals (bodies, "events", etc.) in which they lie. - (Aristotle, Whitehead)
Phenomena/Leibniz: are atomless - monads: atoms = Atomism/Mereology/Simons: an individual is part of another iff. all the atoms of the first are atoms of the second. - (Instead SSP) -> identity condition for individuals: if they have the same atoms.

Si I
P. Simons
Parts Oxford New York 1987

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-27