## Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments | |||

Atomism (philosophy, logic): the assumption that the facts can be represented by elementary sentences. Thus the question of the independence of facts is raised. | |||

Author | Item | Excerpt | Meta data |
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Simons, Peter Books on Amazon |
Atomism | I 44 VsAtomism/Atom-less Mereology/Simons: here we need a basis instead: i.e. the objects that fall under the basic predicate. - E.g. in the atom-free system, which consists of all regular subsets of real numbers, the open intervals with rational endpoints form a base. - Several bases are possible. - E.g. the open regular sets in the Euclidean plane can have open circular disks with rational centers and rational radii as base - or e.g. open squares, etc. - practically every predicate is possible - provides a simpler identity criterion - even works in atomism. - Basis: e.g. cells are basis for organisms, e.g. functional parts form the basis of a machine. I 341 Monism/Simons: no coincidence that he emphasizes interconnectedness and dependence more - this leads to - the "Absolute", the One True Substance. (>Hegel) - Atomism: stresses disconnectedness and independence - leads to a mere sum ("total") of small independent objects (>Leibniz, Wittgenstein). |
Si I P. Simons Parts Oxford New York 1987 |

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-28