|Atomism (philosophy, logic): the assumption that the facts can be represented by elementary sentences. Thus the question of the independence of facts is raised.|
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VsAtomism/Atom-less Mereology/Simons: here we need a basis instead: i.e. the objects that fall under the basic predicate. - E.g. in the atom-free system, which consists of all regular subsets of real numbers, the open intervals with rational endpoints form a base. - Several bases are possible. - E.g. the open regular sets in the Euclidean plane can have open circular disks with rational centers and rational radii as base - or e.g. open squares, etc. - practically every predicate is possible - provides a simpler identity criterion - even works in atomism. - Basis: e.g. cells are basis for organisms, e.g. functional parts form the basis of a machine.
Monism/Simons: no coincidence that he emphasizes interconnectedness and dependence more - this leads to - the "Absolute", the One True Substance. (>Hegel) - Atomism: stresses disconnectedness and independence - leads to a mere sum ("total") of small independent objects (>Leibniz, Wittgenstein).
Parts Oxford New York 1987