Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Atomism (philosophy, logic): the assumption that the facts can be represented by elementary sentences. Thus the question of the independence of facts is raised.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Simons, Peter
Books on Amazon
Atomism I 44
VsAtomism/Atom-less Mereology/Simons: here we need a basis instead: i.e. the objects that fall under the basic predicate. - E.g. in the atom-free system, which consists of all regular subsets of real numbers, the open intervals with rational endpoints form a base. - Several bases are possible. - E.g. the open regular sets in the Euclidean plane can have open circular disks with rational centers and rational radii as base - or e.g. open squares, etc. - practically every predicate is possible - provides a simpler identity criterion - even works in atomism. - Basis: e.g. cells are basis for organisms, e.g. functional parts form the basis of a machine.
I 341
Monism/Simons: no coincidence that he emphasizes interconnectedness and dependence more - this leads to - the "Absolute", the One True Substance. (>Hegel) - Atomism: stresses disconnectedness and independence - leads to a mere sum ("total") of small independent objects (>Leibniz, Wittgenstein).

Si I
P. Simons
Parts Oxford New York 1987

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-28