|Expression: phrase, word, formula, or part of a formula. Below the level of sentences, therefore not true or false.|
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Exemplification and expression/Goodman: point in the same direction, which is exactly opposite the denotation (name). (Denotation belongs more to saying and writing).
For the direct quote both are important: naming and including.
Each expression is a paraphrase of itself.
Definition "expressions"/Goodman: here first reference to a sense or another property. Not to their presence! One can also express emotions that one does not have. Expression: feeling, representation: Object or event.
The gray image, does not denote the color gray, but is denoted by the predicate "gray".
Not every exemplification is expression but each expression is exemplification.
Definition exemplification is ownership plus reference. (The ostension is missing reference).
A figure which exemplifies the triangularity, exemplifies not always tripartite! Although it is three-sided. - Also language dependent: "rouge" does not exemplify "red"!
Definition what is expressed, is exemplified metaphorically.
While almost everything can denote almost everything else or even represent, a thing can only express what belongs to it, but not what originally belonged to it. (E.g. glue factory). Ultimately a matter of habit.
Name a feature and express it are two different things. And a poem or a story does not need to express what she or it says, or to say what it expresses.
Definition exemplification relates the symbol to a label, which it denotes.
Definition expression: relates the symbol to a label which it denotes metaphorically and by that not only indirectly on the metaphorical but also onto the literal area of this label.
Conclusion: When a expresses b then
1. a owns b or is denoted by it
2. This possession or this denotation is metaphorical
3. a refers to b.
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997
N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989