|Statement: once a statement is made the utterer is committed to it. In contrast to this, a sentence can be thought of as a string of symbols that is no statement.|
|Strawson, Peter F.
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|Statements||Meg I 300
According to Hungerland
Presupposition/Strawson: Definition "S requires S": The truth of S is a necessary condition of the truth or falsity of the claim that S.
E.g. "All my children are fast asleep" presupposes "I have children."
David RyninVsStrawson: from this interpretation follows, paradoxically, that all prerequisite statements were true: it should be: S>S" and ~ S>S"; but it is also true that Sv~S. It follows: S".
In other words: (~ S"> ~ (Sv ~ S))> S is analytically true in a system of divalent propositional logic.
Horwich I 186
Statement/Strawson: ambiguous: a) Saying, speech act - b) the said, the content what is true or false - the plot is not w/f - AustinVsStrawson: s are the speech acts themselves which are w/f - or truth is attributed to speech acts.
Stra I 193
Statement/Strawson: more comprehensive than assertion.
Statement/Strawson: the binding part of the sentence is the sign of saying "Socrates is ..." - if this "is" is seen as autonomous, then no difference between A and B anymore.
Statement/Strawson: double meaning: a) what I say, b) my saying- truth, regardless of whether the utterance was made - StrawsonVsSpeech Act Theory: truth is not to be attributed to the event.
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981
P. Horwich (Ed.)
Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994