|Bayesianism: perceives probability as the degree of a belief. See also subjective probability, objective probability, chance, likelihood.|
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Definition Bayes-Formel/Pinker: chances in two competing hypotheses can be calculated using only two numbers - 1. Initial probability: how safe is the hypothesis before any data are considered? - 2. "likelihood" assumes the hypothesis is true, how likely is it that the evidence we have actually occurs? - Then take the initial probabilities for both hypotheses and the likelihood and divide the two numbers. that is the probability of applying the first hypothesis.
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