Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Meaning: Differs from the reference object (reference). The object does not have to exist for an expression to have a meaning. Words are not related to objects in a one-to-one correspondence. There is an important distinction between word meaning and sentence meaning. See also use theory, sentence meaning, reference, truth.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Armstrong, D.M.
Books on Amazon
Meaning I 116
The utterance of "John will not come" is a reliable sign that I just think that.
I 117
Meaning: Then meanings are mere abstractions from each of the designated expressions of things. (i.e., B = Ref)
But Armstrong: meaning is not the same as reference.
I 117
Theory: utterances of sentences in the communication situation are exactly in the same sense characters as black clouds are a sign of rain.

AR II = Disp
D. M. Armstrong

Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996

D. Armstrong
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983

> Counter arguments against Armstrong
> Counter arguments in relation to Meaning

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-27