Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Meaning theory: a theory that seeks to explain the meaning of meaning. Problem the concept of meaning and truth seem to presuppose each other.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Dummett, Michael
Books on Amazon
Meaning Theory EMD II 72
Meaning Theory/ use of words consists only in sentences with these words - therefore, there does not have to be a direct connection of the understanding of words with a single linguistic ability.
Meaning Theory/Dummett: without the concept of force understanding of a sentence would require nothing less than the complete knowledge of all the properties that a sentence could have in every possible situation of an utterance ("infinitely many circumstances").
II 72
Meaning Theory/Dummett : 1 a) theory of reference, b ) Theory of sense, 2 Theory of force.
EMD II 116
Meaning Theory/Dummett: is basically constructed with truth as the fundamental concept - here we follow the alternative: instead of verifying truth - but it s not sure if that is possible.
III 101
Theory of meaning/Davidson: presupposes that the concept of truth is understood ( and undefined ) - Precondition: hold-as-true. Translation / Davidson: it is possible to know of every sentence that it means the same as one sentence of another language without knowing what both mean - and for all sentences.
III 105
meaning / Davidson: similar to translation : from T - sentence "la terra they muove" is true if and only if the earth moves " we gain by replacing the m-set " ... " means " ... " - problem: that is no explanation of the meaning, not propositional knowledge: knowledge that the earth moves.
III 107
Meaning Theory: in addition we must believe that knowledge of the meaning consists in the knowledge that the earth ... - that is not merely to know that the sentence B is true.
III 101
Meaning Theory/Dummett: a) "modest" theory: explains no new terms: Tarski, Davidson: it refers to sentences that the speaker holds to be true ( > radical interpretation) - an unspecified language mastery is expected to come up to the understanding of the object language - b ) "dignified" theory is to explain these new terms .
III 132
Meaning Theory / Summary/Dummett: a theory of meaning must be atomistic or molecular, not holistic. It must be dignified, not modest , generous and not sober - it does not leak into direct attributions of meaning , but must explicitly represent what is constitutive of the knowledge of the meaning of an expression and not just what everyone needs to know. - Question:must it be based on the notion of a meaning theory or not ? - I do not know.
III 133
Meaning Theory: Knowledge of reference is not sufficient for linguistic knowledge.
III 226
Meaning Theory/Dummett: it may not require psychological or semantic terms.

Du I
M. Dummett
Urspr√ľnge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992

M. Dummett
Wahrheit Stuttgart 1982

G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977

Ev I
G. Evans
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-29