Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Meaning theory: a theory that seeks to explain the meaning of meaning. Problem the concept of meaning and truth seem to presuppose each other.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Loar, Brian
Books on Amazon
Meaning Theory Avr I 27
Meaning Theory/ : can not be drawn as a purely extensional truth theory: - problem:
1st The equivalence of "Snow is white" and "Grass is green"
2nd Hesperus is bright iff Phosphorus is bright,
3rd "Snow ist white and 2+ 2 = 4" - solution/Fodor/Lepore :the right hand side must be a translation from the left.
Meaning Theory/Avramides: Thesis: the problems disappear when it comes to the big picture: how sounds turn to speech acts? - Only then the truth conditions will come up, because the meaning theory must fit into a theory of power. - Lewis sounds have truth conditions only relative to a language . - Psychology comes into play only when it comes to favoring one language in a population.
EMD II 139f
Meaning Theory/Loar: a) extensional (Quine, Davidson ) - b) Loar : intensional: semantic concepts are
located within a larger framework of propositional attitudes - Davidson intermediate position.
II 141
Meaning Theory/Davidson: main problem: how to avoid: " Snow is white " is true if grass is green - if one accepts this as extensionally right ( correct) , then there is not more than that in the idea of the meaning.
II 142
Meaning Theory./Loar: a list does not work: "x is camel1 , or camel2 ... ": No understanding of a sentence.
Wrong solution: simplicity: "x is a camel " is only satisfied by y, if y is a camel - Vs : too strong and too vague - for someone who knows nothing of a language that meaning theory does not work that way. The Tarski schema " S is true ... " ( equivalence scheme) does not give the meaning. - We also need at least " an expression x is S and ... " - Problem: we then have a metametalanguage.
II 143
Solution/Loar: when entities were meanings ( propositions?) they could distinguish sentence meaning from anything else , what else is true in the sentence.
II 149
Meaning Theory/Loar: Thesis: a meaning theory is a theory of mind, not vice versa.

Loar I
B. Loar
Mind and Meaning Cambridge 1981

G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977

Ev I
G. Evans
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-30