Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Evidence: proof of the existence and the behavior of objects or of the truth of statements. Evidence can be direct or indirect. See also theories, facts.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Nozick, Robert
Books on Amazon
Evidence II 237
Knowledge/Riddles/Kripke/Nozick: conundrum: why would you seek evidence against something that you know. - You know then that the evidence must be wrong. - Nozick: a theory of knowledge must be able to handle it. - Solution: conversely, if one does not know that the evidence is misleading, one should not ignore it.
II 250
Evidence/hypothesis/Nozick: often evidence can apply, even if the hypothesis is false. - Test: search for data that would not apply if the hypothesis was true, but the evidence is not. - Then, the hypothesis has not passed the test.
II 254 f
Evidence/hypotheses/Nozick/(s): the initial probability (P0) of the hypothesis must be considered. One cannot just put up any hypothesis. Therefore conclusion from P (evidence e I Hypo h)> = 0.95, P (e,~h) <= 0.05 not sure if e is more likely to follow from h-h or not, depends on which of the two weighted conditional probabilities is greater, P (el h) times P0(h) or P(e l ~ h) times P0(not-h).
II 261
Evidence/hypothesis/theory/Nozick: if e is evidence for hypothesis h, depends on what other theories we have that connects e and h . - Problem: the other theories could in turn be embedded in a wider context, etc. - regress.
PutnamVsTradition: therefore "evidence for" is not a formal logical relation. - It is rather dependent on other theories.
II 262
Induction/evidence/logic/Nozick: the inductive logic is twofold relative - 1. probability is relative to the evidence - 2. There must be a principle of total evidence, which is applied to the probability statements. - Some authors: Solution: an evidence is an evidence for what it explains. - NozickVs: much evidence is not explanatory - e.g. lightning/thunder do not explain themselves mutually - e.g. a symptom makes probably more, but they do not explain mutually. - Perhaps there are quite general statistical relations between statements - e.g. principles of the uniformity of nature.

No I
R. Nozick
Philosophical Explanations Oxford 1981

R., Nozick
The Nature of Rationality 1994

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-28