Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Description theory: the thesis according to which the meaning of expressions corresponds to the description of the respective objects.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Cresswell, M.J.
Books on Amazon
Description Theory II 47
Definition Description theory/Cresswell: (here): asserts that a name is synonymous with an equivalent specific description. This still allows for a wide range of interpretation - for example, "the planet called phosphorus" is such a description. - Vs: "Phosphorus" is the planet called Phosphorus" is not a necessary truth. ((s) de re).
II 150
Discription Theory/Loar/Bach/Cresswell: Loar (1976, 370-373) and Bach (1981) defend the kind of description theory, which makes "Phosphorus" to something, which means something like "is called "Phosphorus".
II 150
VsDescription theory/Cresswell: it is circular, because the use of a name to refer to someone is involved - also Kripke 1972, 283, 286 - LoarVsVs: (1976 p.371): it is not at all that we are referring to something , by saying, "the referent of this expression "..." The reference is rather intrinsic - Cresswell ditto.
II 153
Description theory/de re/Cresswell: Example (Partee) Loar believes that semantics is a branch of psychology, while Thomason believes that it is a branch of mathematics - that cannot be de re, because then both cannot be right - Solution: Description theory: Loar believes that the thing that is called "semantics" is a branch of psychology, while Thomason believes it is a branch of mathematics. - "It" then does not stand for a thing, but for the property of being called "semantics".

Cr I
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988

M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-26