|Literally true: a theory can only be literally true when its terms may not be re-interpreted in a given situation. On the other hand, a reinterpretation can make some theories and laws applicable to special cases, without being true or false.|
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|Literal Truth||I 2
literally / Field: requires existence assumption - e.g. existence of numbers, so that the propositions of mathematics are literally true -> Idealism: as a mental construction - fictionalism: instead: "true in a certain sense" - semantic ascent: the statement that something is "true, but not literally true" - (Field per fictionalism) -
I 4 goodness: "good as an instrument"- in this case truth is not necessary - I 19/20: we should literally believe in electrons, but not in mathematical entities, because these are not causally relevant.
literally / Fraassen / Field: = not eliminated by translation.
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980