|De dicto: statements about the nature of linguistic expressions and their consequences are de dicto. Concepts necessarily have certain characteristics, as opposed to objects (res) the properties of which are considered as contingent by many authors. See also de re, modality, necessity de re.|
|Chisholm, Roderick M.
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|de dicto||I 65
de dicto/Chisholm: either "property, to be so that p" or "the fact that p is true" - attribution de dicto: does not need demonstratives, proper names or free variables
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Chisholm II M.David/L. Stubenberg (Hg) Philosophische Aufsätze zu Ehren von R.M. Chisholm Graz 1986
wrong: de dicto-belief would be enough for standing in a special relationship with the object alone by the fact that it exists - Vs: we need a more stringent notion of de re belief, objects must be able to be identified - de re: I can not believe anything the smallest spy before I know him personally - ((s) but then also under another description - at least two relations to the object).
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004