|Strawson, Peter F.
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|Objects (Material Things)||I 177f
Thing/Job/language/Strawson: 1. grammatical criterion: List 1: Language functions: Differences: A-expressions/B-expressions: refer/describe, designate/to state something about him, etc.
List 2: Differentiation of linguistic components: singular term/predicative term, referring term/predicate term, subject/predicate, etc.
List 3: Distinguishes between constituents of statements or between things: things, to which one refers/predicted thing, etc.... nothing can occur on both sides: the act of self-relating cannot be identical with the act of predicting, but some possible in both roles) list 3 presupposes distinction thing/roll.
List 4: (corresponds to Frege): Object/term: combines roll and thing - no object can ever be predicted - List 3: aligns the terms of List 2 (> Ramsey).
Thing/activity/"about"/represent/singular Term/predicate/StrawsonVsGeach: "about" cannot be used to distinguish between singular term and predicate - E.g. "Raleigh smokes" can be seen as a statement about smoking - also "stands for" specifies no singular term - both singular term and predicative term can stand for something - VsGeach: he is compelled to say that "smokes" stands for something, because predicative expressions stand for properties according to him.
Thing/property/singular Term/predicate/is/Strawson: if "Socrates is ..." with a description by "is" in the sense of "is identical to" is connected, then "Socrates is ..." can be understood as B-expression (predicate) -> (s) "sokratized" - (s) "the philosopher, that taught Plato, sokratized" (> equal sign instead of copula) - problem: what things should be introduced by "is a philosopher"?
Thing/predicate/singular Term/introducing/Strawson: the reason for the distinction between A (Noun-) and B-expressions (predicate) is distinguishing between different things: between particular and universal, not between object and term or singular term and predicate.
StrawsonVsTradition: already presupposes the distinction - external reason: might the tense function be the verb - Vs: this could also be expressed with two nouns and arrow notation. Socrates (Wisdom), then arrow either above Socrates or Wisdom, depending on whether Socrates died or became stupid.
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981