|Dualism: the idea that the entities in a considered domain cannot be unified. In philosophy e.g. spirit and matter. Monism in contrast, confirms that unity is possible and that a separateness can not be claimed. Sie also property dualism, monism.|
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Dualism/Pauen: two types of states that can also occur independently - interactionist dualism: mutual influence: Descartes, Eccles/Popper - property dualism: certain neural processes have not only their physical characteristics but additionally also mental characteristics that are theoretically independent of the neural - Typical theory: computer analogy (Computation), Martians, etc.
Consciousness as an autonomous property.
Dualism/Pauen: 1. explanation for the uniformity of our experiences in light of the diversity of physical realizations (> Multiple realization). Integration performance of the free mind - 2. Explanation of free will.
3. Pro dualism: VsMonismus: Problem of qualitative varied experience by uniform activity of nerve cells
VsDualismus: has no concrete research subject.
Descartes/Pauen: the distinction of substances can be justified by the imaginability of such a distinction. The argument still plays an important role today: - Kripke uses it as the basis for its objection VsIdentifikation of mental and neural processes.
Grundprobleme der Philosophie des Geistes Frankfurt 2001