|Property: what can be ascribed to an object in order to distinguish it from other objects. In philosophy, there is debate about whether properties exist or whether "bare particulars" exist. Expressions for properties are predicates. Not every predicate will refer to a property. See also quantification over properties, 2nd order logic, HOL, completeness.|
|Danto, Arthur C.
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Newton: the "world" is featureless
Subject / Descartes: material things are simply extended, empty geometry. They act in colors and sounds and others, but they are not characterized or imbued with this! Therefore, there are only two substances, the thinking and the extensive.
Features / Descartes: A thing can not have properties which it wins or loses when these properties are meant to be its own properties. (E.g. beeswax). Instead, we should talk about the changing of properties.
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005