|Property: what can be ascribed to an object in order to distinguish it from other objects. In philosophy, there is debate about whether properties exist or whether "bare particulars" exist. Expressions for properties are predicates. Not every predicate will refer to a property. See also quantification over properties, 2nd order logic, HOL, completeness.|
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Properties/Jackson: physics: properties "do" something - Jackson: but they are not "causal cum relational" - at least some are intrinsic and are merely relational - it might be that there are two causally quite similar properties, one of which has an affect at one time and the other at a different time, but we believe to only recognize one - then we cannot know anything about the intrinsic world.
Properties/Esfeld: Qualities: Relations: E.g. 6 cm: shorter or longer than something else - description relational, not length itself.
Properties/Aristotle: "first substance": something from which properties can be expressed, but which is not itself the property of something else - Quantum Mechanics/Esfeld: Quantum systems are like that.
Holismus Frankfurt/M 2002