|Property: what can be ascribed to an object in order to distinguish it from other objects. In philosophy, there is debate about whether properties exist or whether "bare particulars" exist. Expressions for properties are predicates. Not every predicate will refer to a property. See also quantification over properties, 2nd order logic, HOL, completeness.|
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Properties/LewisVsPutnam: properties must be something simple - if one follows from another, then that would be a necessary relationship between two simple properties. - Putnam: that would be incomprehensible - wrong solution/Lewis: then properties would have to be interpreted as complexes in turn - LewisVs: properties must be simple - from what should they be composed? - PutnamVsLewis: this is not an analytical style - why should something simple not make any relations?
Properties/identity/Putnam: synonymy is necessary for identity of predicates, not properties - temperature is not synonymous with molecular motion.
Functional property/Putnam: E.g. to have a program is for a computer a functional property instead of a physical - non-functional properties: inputs and outputs - functional properties: are defined by cause and effect.
Reference/Lewis: is a functional property - N.B.: that should undermine the distinction physical/non-physical - Reference is then a functional property of the organism-plus-environment system.
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990