|Empiricism: a branch within epistemology which assumes that sensory perception is fundamental for setting up claims and theories. The opposite position, rationalism, assumes that even purely logical knowledge and conclusions from this knowledge may be sufficient for the building of theories. See also logical positivism, instrumentalism, rationalism, epistemology, theories, foundation, experiments, > inferentialism, knowledge, experience, science.|
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Locke / Euchner: today: his empiricism overcame the old worldview of divinely revealed knowledge - thesis: "there is nothing in the mind, which was not previously in the senses" - LeibnizVsLocke: "apart from the mind itself" - KreimendahlVsLocke: by limiting knowledge to the ideas he questioned his own empirical program.
Locke / Arndt: ancestor of empiricism - knowledge should be treated language dependent.
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding