Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Explanation: making a statement in relation to an event, a state, a change or an action that was described before by a deviating statement. The statement will often try to involve circumstances, history, logical premises, causes and causality. See also description, statements, theories, understanding, literal truth, best explanation, causality, cause, completeness.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Nozick, Robert
 
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Explanation II 10
Explanation/Nozick: not based on arguments - and not on evidence - because an evidence provides no understanding. - Hypotheses that are needed in an explanation must not be known to be true.
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II 12
Explanation/Nozick: locates something in the topicality - Understanding: localizes something in the space of possibilities.
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II 115
Existence/explanation/Leibniz/Nozick: each factor that should explain why there is anything at all, will be part itself of what needs to be explained - explanation: always happens in terms of something else - one cannot explain everything, but nothing is inexplicable in principle.
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II 116
Explanation/Nozick: is irreflexive, asymmetric and transitive: - irreflexive: nothing explains itself - asymmetrical: if X explains Y then Y does not explain X (not reversible).
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II 117
Transitive: if X explains Y and Y explains Z, then X explains Z. - With that a strict partial order is established.
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II 118f
Explanation/existence/Nozick: another possibility: explanation from laws or theories - question: why is there then such theories and laws - ultimate justification/self-explanation: could one last law subsume itself? - Last law: must have any characteristic C - all other laws - Problem: truth is not proven from form.
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II 120
Explanation/level/stage/Nozick: some: the statement must be deeper than the explained - KripkeVs: new theory: statements themselves seek the appropriate level - the highest level/stage/Kripke: those to which the sentence to its reference is applied to - Nozick: then P has to be, when used in a deduction, one level lower than its instance - then a deduced statement is lower when it subsumes something than when it is subsumed.
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II 120
Self-explanation/Nozick: self subsumption explains itself in the quantifier logic - Otherwise:. explanation is irreflexive - that means, it cannot explain itself. - Bare facts/Nozick: a) something that cannot be explained by something else - b) weaker: something that cannot be explained by something else. - Then the explanatory self subsumption is a bare fact that explains itself.
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II 305
Explanation/Nozick: one says, an explanation should not have less (for example, semantic) depth than the explained.
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II 308
Causation/Descartes: cannot be less deep than the effect (principle).

No I
R. Nozick
Philosophical Explanations Oxford 1981

No II
R., Nozick
The Nature of Rationality 1994


> Counter arguments against Nozick
> Counter arguments in relation to Explanation



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-28