Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontological logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Hume, D.
Books on Amazon
Ethics Stegmüller IV 167
Ethics/Hume: thesis: no feature can be seen in the actions themselves , which would make it possible to distinguish whether they are justified or not. - ((S)> Harman) - Stegmüller: but one can even find prescriptive passages in Hume.
Stegm IV 243
Ethics/morality/Hume: Thesis:
1. Facing scarce resources, people must cooperate in order to survive -
2. HumeVsHobbes: all humans own sympathy - would everything be available in abundance, of course, respect to other people's property would be superfluous.
IV 245
The key driving force is self-interest.
Stegm IV 247
Ethics/morality/Hume: E.g. the two rowers: 1. pure coordination problem: - 2. no one wants to make an effort - stabilization of cooperation: 1. only artificial virtue is assumed - 2. No verbal communication - 3. only rational egoism - E.g. Help at the harvest: the first helps the other - then time lag: the second does not help the other -> free riders problem -> sanctions.
Stegm IV 283
Reason/morals/ethics/Hume/Stegmüller: reason can never be the motive for or against an action- passions and preferences are logically independent of conclusions - yet, there are practical-rational preferences - Mackie: also dispassion does not allow a clear view on things
Stuhlmann I 64
Ethics/Hume: at its reason moral statements are always required.
D. Hume
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
Ca V
W. Stegmüller
Rudolf Carnap und der Wiener Kreis
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I, , München 1987

St I
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I Stuttgart 1989

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 2 Stuttgart 1987

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 3 Stuttgart 1987

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 4 Stuttgart 1989

R. Stuhlmann Laeisz
Philosophische Logik Paderborn 2002

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-26