|Experiment: artificial bringing about of an event or artificial creation of a state for testing a hypothesis. Experiments can lead to the reformulation of the initial hypotheses and the reformulation of theories. See also theories, measuring, science, hypotheses, Bayesianism, confirmation, events, paradigm change, reference systems.|
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Theory/Experiment/Science/Fraassen. Tradition/Old: the theory will learn about structure of the world - experiment: tests the theory - in contrast to that: new/Duhem: Search for empirical regularities - the search finds its way into the language itself - Experiment/New: 1. test the empirical adequacy of the theory. 2 . fill gaps - theory/New: 1. formulation of questions - 2. guidelines for experimental setup - Glymour: it may be that a theory is better supported by evidence is than another, even though both are empirically equivalent.
Experiment/Fraassen: is the continuation of the theory-construction by other means.
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980