Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Experiment: artificial bringing about of an event or artificial creation of a state for testing a hypothesis. Experiments can lead to the reformulation of the initial hypotheses and the reformulation of theories. See also theories, measuring, science, hypotheses, Bayesianism, confirmation, events, paradigm change, reference systems.
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Fraassen, Bas
 
Books on Amazon
Experiments I 73
Theory/Experiment/Science/Fraassen. Tradition/Old: the theory will learn about structure of the world - experiment: tests the theory - in contrast to that: new/Duhem: Search for empirical regularities - the search finds its way into the language itself - Experiment/New: 1. test the empirical adequacy of the theory. 2 . fill gaps - theory/New: 1. formulation of questions - 2. guidelines for experimental setup - Glymour: it may be that a theory is better supported by evidence is than another, even though both are empirically equivalent.
I 77
Experiment/Fraassen: is the continuation of the theory-construction by other means.

Fr I
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-23