|Falsification: experimental or logical refutation of a general or a specific statement. Depending on the nature of the statement, there are differences in terms of whether a single counterexample is sufficient for a falsification, or a certain ratio of positive and negative cases is crucial. See also verification, verificationism, confirmation, Bayesianism, probability, hypotheses, theories.|
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Falsification/Popper: can always be overridden ad hoc.
Empirical scientific method: consists precisely in the exclusion of such procedures - "Humean contradiction": only experience is allowed, but not conclusive - solution/Popper: not all sentences are "fully decidable - there must be particular empirical sentences as a major premise of falsifying conclusions.
These cannot be protocol sentences, because these are only psychological.
Stegmüller I 400 ~
Falsification/Popper: falsification itself must be repeatable - we can reformulate universal statements into "There are-not-"-sentences to falsify them - e.g. "there are no non-white swans".
Objektive Erkenntnis Hamburg 1993