Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Use theory, philosophy of language: the term was formed following a thesis of L. Wittgenstein in his Philosophical Investigations, ยง 43. (Original in German) You can explain the use of the word "meaning" for a large class of cases - though not in all cases of its use - as the meaning of a word is its use in the language." - This thesis applies to words and cannot be extended to whole sentences. See also use, word meaning, sentence meaning, language acquisition, meaning theory, reference.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Schiffer, Stephen
Books on Amazon
Use Theory I 187
Thinking/Talking/Meaning/Use theory/Schiffer: language use in thinking is one thing, language use in speaking another - therefore, we need different theories.
I 187
Use theory/Reference/Meaning/Compositionality/Schiffer: new trend: (Putnam 1978): thesis we can have use theories of language comprehension (not the meaning) which do not require, truth-theoretic semantics - the theories of understanding and reference do not have so much to do with truth than most people think - solution: if we start from the conceptual role (use) nothing is required by a "correspondence" of words and things.
I 260
Use/Use theory/Schiffer: no problem for simple signal: Meaning = use - problem: composite utterance type: s could mean p, even if never uttered - solution/Schiffer: that is the reason why the practice should belong to language and not to the individual sentence - problem: we need an approach that requires no knowledge of the meaning in the community - otherwise everyone would have to understand every sentence.

Schi I
St. Schiffer
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-27