|Thought, philosophy: a thought corresponds to a complete sentence. There is debate about whether we can attribute such thoughts to animals. See also mentalism, mental states, opacity, thinking, reality, world/thinking, propositional attitudes, propositions, intensions, objects of thought, relation theory, mentalese, computation.|
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Idea/Singular Term/Reference/Brandom: there are thoughts that you can have without having the singular term successfully picking out an object - E.g. the female author of Sordello (in reality, Robert Browning) was too sentimental - but: object-independent thought can only be held when the singular term actually picks out an object - E.g. I think I have a cup in my hand, but it is a stone - also "this" can be understood wrong: E.g. "this thing"?.
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001