|Thought, philosophy: a thought corresponds to a complete sentence. There is debate about whether we can attribute such thoughts to animals. See also mentalism, mental states, opacity, thinking, reality, world/thinking, propositional attitudes, propositions, intensions, objects of thought, relation theory, mentalese, computation.|
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|Thoughts||Dummett I 62
Consciousness Content/Frege/Dummett: Sensations - but not: meaning, thoughts: grasping of external things
Dum I 19
Thought/Thinking/Frege: Thought not identical with the meaning of the sentence - beings with identical thoughts possible without linguistic cover.
Frege II 47
Frege: A sentence about a non-existent unicorn is without truth value, predicates cannot be attributed or denied - thought is the same, whether reference ("meaning") or not.
Thought: sentence without truth value (because "meaning" (reference) unresolved) - the same thought in an actor without meaning - judgment: progress from thought to its truth value.
Truth Value: A truth value cannot be one part of a thought, as little as the sun can, because it is not a sense, but an object. (Truth value = object)
Thought: one part must be unsaturated, as a binding agent, e.g. "falls under".
Thought: not all parts of the thought may be complete, at least one should be unsaturated (predicative), otherwise they would not stick together.
Dum I 32
Frege: grasping the thought: psychic act - thought not consciousness content -
Consciousness subjective - thought objective - WittgensteinVs.
Frege IV 52
Thought/Frege: not a complete thought without a time determination - but then it is timelessly true or false Expression/Assertion/Frege: difference: time determination: belongs to the expression - truth: belongs to assertion and is timeless - timeless things are not part of the external world.
Stuhlmann-Laeisz II 47 ff
Thought/Frege: not sentence meaning (reference), because possible common property of many thinkers (content, objective). - sense of the sentence: the expressed thought (abstract) - unequal content - sense can be grasped without knowing whether the sentence has a meaning (reference, existing object) - Thought/Frege: abstract - Contradiction: content, idea.
Stuhlmann-Laeisz II 57ff
Odd Meaning/Frege: expressed thoughts - (thought: abstract, unequal content).
Stuhlmann-Laeisz II 66ff
Thought/Identity Criterion for Thoughts/Frege/St: Sentence A contains the same idea as sentence B, if (i) the assumption that A and B lead to a contradiction - (ii) vice versa - that allows us to conceive thoughts as invariant abstractions - (>partial identity: thought identity) Invariant: the thought. The thought contained in a sentence is the element A has in common with all the propositions which are logically equivalent to A, and that changes when we move on to a proposition B which is not logically equivalent to A.
Chairman-Laeisz II 68
Thought/Frege/St: is that element of an assertion that can be true or false, and which is the object of the believing-to-be-true of epistemic subjects.
Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik Stuttgart 1987
Funktion, Begriff, Bedeutung Göttingen 1994
Logische Untersuchungen Göttingen 1993
Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992
Wahrheit Stuttgart 1982
Freges Logische Untersuchungen Darmstadt 1995