Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Given, philosophy: something in the outside world, which should correspond to what we perceive through the senses. It is problematic how to distinguish the constitution of external objects from what is determined by the construction of our sense organs. The presupposition of a given, also assumes that both this and the side of the perceiving subject are fixed in a certain way. This is doubted by many authors.See also reality, myth of the given, perception, world, world/thinking, thing in itself, perspective, nature, naturalism, epistemology.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Hume, D.
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Given I 18
Given/experience/Hume: therefore has two opposite meanings:
1. As a concept, as it is given in the mind (no exceeding)
2. Exceeding is also given, but as a practice, as affection of the mind, as an impression of self-awareness - exceeding is not given in the idea.
I 101 ff
Given/Hume: flow, movement - the subject is constituted in the given.
I 104
The totality of what appears, a being which is equally to the pretence.
I 110
The given is not part of the room - but the room is part of the given.
I 168
Given/Hume: never unites its parts to a whole - Being: can only be comprehend as an object of a synthetic relationship with the principles of what we do.
D. Hume
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997

> Counter arguments against Hume

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-24