|Given, philosophy: something in the outside world, which should correspond to what we perceive through the senses. It is problematic how to distinguish the constitution of external objects from what is determined by the construction of our sense organs. The presupposition of a given, also assumes that both this and the side of the perceiving subject are fixed in a certain way. This is doubted by many authors.See also reality, myth of the given, perception, world, world/thinking, thing in itself, perspective, nature, naturalism, epistemology.|
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|Given||Frank I 264
Consciousness/SellarsVsSartre/SellarsVsDescartes: the thesis of self-transparency and self-disclosedness of consciousness is the "myth of the given".
Sellars I 4
Shared/Sellars: this is about factual knowledge, not about objects -> sense data theory.
Myth of the Given Sellars: thesis that there is a level of individual facts - a) that presuppose no further knowledge - b) that this non-inferential knowledge is the final appeal body - SellarsVs: error: to assume that knowledge must be inferential.
Myth of the Given/Sellars: thesis that observation constructs authenticating, non-linguistic episodes by itself - whose authority is transferred to linguistic and quasi-linguistic executions - SellarsVs.
Der Empirismus und die Philosophie des Geistes Paderborn 1999
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994