Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Davidson, Donald
 
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Actions II 108
Action depends on description (Example Mary) - Events are independent of description! Evening Star/Morning Star - Burglar/Father
Action: not definable in the language of the propositional attitudes (burglar example) - instead: primary cause and proper causation.
II 109 f
Davidson can argue precisely on the basis of the anomalism thesis in favor of a monism 1: monism results from the combination of two other premises of the theory of action: (CI) principle of causal interaction. At least some mental events interact causally with physical events. (Undeniable) (NC) principle of the nomological character of causality: events that are in cause-effect relation fall under strict laws.
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Brandom I 724
Action/Davidson: is an act if there is a description under which it is intentional - Brandom: two kinds of intentional explanation: a) what was intended - b) what was achieved - I 726 Success/Problem: Nicole successfully killed the animal in front of her (cow instead of stag) - description dependent - I 727 she believed of a cow (de re) that it was a stag - incorrect de dicto: she believed "the cow was a stag" (that the cow) - I 728 Reference: she had (without realizing it) the intention, in relation to the cow, to shoot it - it is about the content of the commitment, not about the type of commitment. - As in beliefs.
I 957
Accordion Effect/Success/Davidson: Example: even though the powder was wet, she succeeded in bending her finger - so there is success in every action - Example Mountain Climber: I 958 Solution/Brandom: Reference to VURD: there needs to be nothing that I intend and in which I succeeded - I 729 Example: I reach for the bread and spill the wine - I 957 Intention: is not wanting that a sentence becomes true (de dicto) - intentions do not correspond to the specifications agreed on, but to the ones recognized - Davidson: muscle contraction does not need to be part of the intention - Brandom: but intentionally I can only contract my muscles in this way by reaching for the bread - the content of the intention can thus be specified as de re - thus success or failure can be established.
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II 92
Quine: ontology only physical objects and classes - action not an object - DavidsonVsQuine: action event and reference object
II 96
Action/Event/Adverbial Analysis/Davidson/Glüer: Problem 2 types of adverbs resist: 1) Example "almost" hit: syncategorematic, not removable - 2) Example "good", "large", "small" can possibly be omitted - MontagueVsDavidson: Events superfluous, "modifier theory" - KimVsDavidson: not identify events with individuated individuals, but with properties - ((s) i.e. inversely)
II 110
Action: not definable in the language of the propositional attitudes (burglar example) - instead: primary cause and proper causation - (s) because example differing causal chain superimposes an intention and makes it ineffective - Example Mountain Climbers - (s) something does not yet become action, because it is intentional, proper causation must be added.

D I
D. Davidson
Der Mythos des Subjektiven Stuttgart 1993

D III
D. Davidson
Handlung und Ereignis Frankfurt 1990

D IV
D. Davidson
Wahrheit und Interpretation Frankfurt 1990

Bra I
R. Brandom
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000

Bra II
R. Brandom
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-28