Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Davidson, Donald
 
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Interpretation II 28
Interpretation theory/Glüer: must not assume that their theorems were derived with the help of a translation (circle) - therefore DavidsonVsTarski: presupposing truth to explain meaning.
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II 29/30
Definition interpretative/Glüer: is a theory if all T-equivalences to be obtained from the schema T are true. Because truth conditions are given in the recursion to the structure of the sentences -> Meaning holism: a sentence only has meaning in the context of the language - Thus the problem is "Snow is white iff grass is green excluded, because such a theory could not imply at the same time a true T-equivalence for the sentences "This is white" or "That is snow".
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II 117/8
Interpretation/action/explanation/Davidson/Glüer: an action is only interpretable if it can be described as part of a rational structure - this also applies to speech action - therefore, actions are linked to propositional attitudes - each action is an interpreted action - N.B.: therefore it is no empirical question whether an acting person is rational - ((s) because it is presupposed) - An event that cannot be described in the language of the propositional attitudes is not an action - (because it is not interpretable).
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Frank I 645
Mental states/proposition/self-attribution/external-ascription/Davidson: we have to start from sentences or utterances instead of propositions or meanings - otherwise, different types of sources are suggested - instead: relationships between actors and utterances - no different knowledge and no different criteria - solution : If someone knows that I think of a sentence as correct, he knows what I believe - it would be circular to explain the basic asymmetry by an asymmetry of certainty -> interpretation.
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I 648
Interpretation/mental states/external-ascription/Davidson: also the speaker can problematize his sentences - he can also be wrong about the meaning of his words - he also needs the Tarski-theory - asymmetry: N.B.: the listener/interpreter cannot be sure that the Tarski-theory is the best method for external attribution. - The best thing the speaker can do is to be interpretable.
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Graeese I 167
Interpretation/Davidson: utterances are verifiable, without the individual propositional attitudes of the speakers being known. - Radical interpretation: equality of meaning cannot be assumed, otherwise circle > truth conditions.
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Perler/Wild. 139
Truth/Interpretation/Davidson: the contrast between truth and falsity can only occur in the context of interpretation.

D I
D. Davidson
Der Mythos des Subjektiven Stuttgart 1993

D III
D. Davidson
Handlung und Ereignis Frankfurt 1990

D IV
D. Davidson
Wahrheit und Interpretation Frankfurt 1990

Fra I
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994


> Counter arguments against Davidson
> Counter arguments in relation to Interpretation



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-25