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Categories/PinkerVsTradition: Urge to classify not because the memory is limited - tradition: without order chaos would reign - PinkerVs: Organization is pointless for its own sake - Solution: Only with categories it is possible to draw conclusions (inferences) - most categories are in the middle: E.g. "rabbit", not "cottontail" or "mammal".
George Lakoff (linguist) VsCategories: there are no clear, pure fictions, they must be abolished - PinkerVsLakoff: rules are just idealizations.
Categories/Gould: it is a mistake, to force extinct animals into categories - Pinker: difficult is the classification on the stump where a branch was cut off.
Categories/Folk Psychology/Pinker: Vs is assumed to be essentialist: taxonomies all over the world look similar to the tree structure of Linné.
But there is no age in which children are essentialists with respect to artifacts: E.g. a coffeepot turned into a birdhouse is referred to by everyone as a birdhouse
Wie das Denken im Kopf entsteht München 1998