|Complex: a complex is composed of components that can be distinguished from each other and are relatively autonomous. Complex behavior refers to systems that consist of several components. The relative independence of the components is manifested in their behavior. Relative autonomy of the components is determined by the description of the complex as a whole.|
Books on Amazon
|Complexes/Complexity||AU Cas 8
Def Complexity/Tradition/Luhmann: classical: because of the two concepts: element and relation. - Problem: with the increase of the number of elements not every element can be linked to another. - 50s: E.g. circle structure - problem: where is the threshold to overload?
Today/Luhmann: because of that, we can no longer work with the distinction simple/complex. - no complexity comparison is possible, because systems can be complex in several respects.
AU Cass 8
Complexity/Systems Theory/Luhmann: with the concept of operation we dissolve the two fundamental concepts of complexity: element and relation. - The element is the relation. - Instead of complexity: operational closure.
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997