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Learning/Maturana: historical transformation of an organism through experience - serves the basal circularity - new behavior evolves - for an observer, behavior by incorporating a representation seems justified that modifies behavior by memory - but the system operates in the present - advantageousness can only be determined a posteriori.
Allowes purely consensual (cultural) evolution without evolution of the nervous system.
Learning/Maturana: behavioral change must be accompanied by other changes.
Not accumulation of representations but continuous transformation of behavior.
Learning/instinctive behavior/Maturana. initially indistinguishable, because they are determined in the concrete realization by the structures of the nervous system - Learning: acquired ontogenetically - instinct: acquired evolutionary.
Learning/Maturana: does not change the structure - acquisition of representations: only metaphorically - (would presuppose instructive system) - a learning system has no trivial experiences (interactions), because all interactions lead to structural changes.
Learning/Maturana: described in brackets: pure epigenetic process (development of the individual) - no directed process of adaptation to a reality.
Biologie der Realität Frankfurt 2000