Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Search  
 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data
Quine, Willard Van Orman
 
Books on Amazon
Ambiguity I 231
Ambiguity: The name Paul is not ambiguous, no general term but a singular term with dissemination - ambiguity action/habit: ice skaters, delivery (action, object).
---
I 232
Truth is not ambiguous, but general: true confession as true as math. Law - difference between laws and confessions! - Also "existence" is not ambiguous.
---
I 233
Circumstances/Quine: important with ambiguities.
---
I 236
Ambiguities: "a" (can be "any") - "nothing", "nobody" are undetermined singular terms (E.g. Polyphemus).
---
I 244
Scope ambiguous: cannot be decided by parentheses - undetermined singular term: a, any, every member - "not a"/"not every" - "I think one is so that ..." / "one is so that I think ... ".
---
IX 184
Russell: "systematic (or type-wise) ambiguity/Russell: Solution for problem: relations: the type is only fixed when we state the type of things from the left end of the range and from the right end of the range - problem: the two-dimensionality can add up to growths: E.g. type of a relation of things of type m to things of type n: (m, n) - the type of a class of such relations should be called ((m, n)), then [((m,n))] is the type of a relation of such classes to such classes - orders were obviously even worse.
---
IX 194
Systematic ambiguity/theoretical terms/Quine: (context: polyvalent logic, 2nd order logic) Systematic ambiguity suppresses the indices, allows to stick to the simple quantifier logic. - a formula like "Ey"x(xey)", which is treated as a type-wise ambiguous, can simply be equated with the scheme Eyn + 1 "xn (xn EYN + 1), where "n" is a schematic letter for any index - its universality is the schematic universality that it stands for any of a number of formulas: Ey1 "x0 (x0 e Y1), Ey2 "x1(x1 e y2) - and not the universality that consist in the fact that it is quantified undivided over an exhaustive universal class - a formula is meaningless if it cannot be equipped with indices that comply with the theoretical terms.
Problem: then also the conjunction of two meaningful formulas can become meaningless - Systematic ambiguity/theoretical terms: we can always reduce multiple variable types to a single one if we only take on suitable predicates - "universal variables" that we restrict to the appropriate predicate - "Tnx" expresses that x is of type n - old: ""xnFxn"and "ExnFxn - new: "x(Tnx > Fx), E.g.(Tnx u Fx).

Q I
W.V.O. Quine
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

Q II
W.V.O. Quine
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

Q III
W.V.O. Quine
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

Q IX
W.V.O. Quine
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

Q V
W.V.O. Quine
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

Q VI
W.V.O. Quine
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

Q VII
W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

Q VIII
W.V.O. Quine
Bezeichnung und Referenz
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Q X
W.V.O. Quine
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

Q XII
W.V.O. Quine
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003


> Counter arguments against Quine



back to list view | > Suggest your own contribution | > Suggest a correction
 
Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-03-27