## Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments | |||

Author | Item | Excerpt | Meta data |
---|---|---|---|

Quine, Willard Van Orman Books on Amazon |
Ambiguity | I 231 Ambiguity: The name Paul is not ambiguous, no general term but a singular term with dissemination - ambiguity action/habit: ice skaters, delivery (action, object). --- I 232 Truth is not ambiguous, but general: true confession as true as math. Law - difference between laws and confessions! - Also "existence" is not ambiguous. --- I 233 Circumstances/Quine: important with ambiguities. --- I 236 Ambiguities: "a" (can be "any") - "nothing", "nobody" are undetermined singular terms (E.g. Polyphemus). --- I 244 Scope ambiguous: cannot be decided by parentheses - undetermined singular term: a, any, every member - "not a"/"not every" - "I think one is so that ..." / "one is so that I think ... ". --- IX 184 Russell: "systematic (or type-wise) ambiguity/Russell: Solution for problem: relations: the type is only fixed when we state the type of things from the left end of the range and from the right end of the range - problem: the two-dimensionality can add up to growths: E.g. type of a relation of things of type m to things of type n: (m, n) - the type of a class of such relations should be called ((m, n)), then [((m,n))] is the type of a relation of such classes to such classes - orders were obviously even worse. --- IX 194 Systematic ambiguity/theoretical terms/Quine: (context: polyvalent logic, 2nd order logic) Systematic ambiguity suppresses the indices, allows to stick to the simple quantifier logic. - a formula like "Ey"x(xey)", which is treated as a type-wise ambiguous, can simply be equated with the scheme Eyn + 1 "xn (xn EYN + 1), where "n" is a schematic letter for any index - its universality is the schematic universality that it stands for any of a number of formulas: Ey1 "x0 (x0 e Y1), Ey2 "x1(x1 e y2) - and not the universality that consist in the fact that it is quantified undivided over an exhaustive universal class - a formula is meaningless if it cannot be equipped with indices that comply with the theoretical terms. Problem: then also the conjunction of two meaningful formulas can become meaningless - Systematic ambiguity/theoretical terms: we can always reduce multiple variable types to a single one if we only take on suitable predicates - "universal variables" that we restrict to the appropriate predicate - "Tnx" expresses that x is of type n - old: ""xnFxn"and "ExnFxn - new: "x(Tnx > Fx), E.g.(Tnx u Fx). |
Q I W.V.O. Quine Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980 Q II W.V.O. Quine Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985 Q III W.V.O. Quine Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978 Q IX W.V.O. Quine Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967 Q V W.V.O. Quine Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989 Q VI W.V.O. Quine Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995 Q VII W.V.O. Quine From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953 Q VIII W.V.O. Quine Bezeichnung und Referenz InZur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982 Q X W.V.O. Quine Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005 Q XII W.V.O. Quine Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003 |

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-29