|Chisholm, Roderick M.
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|Meaning (to mean)||I 98
Meaning-that-principle/Chisholm: should be a reference to the meaning de dicto: accepted proposition or fact - e.g the vagabond means that Karl called the police (even if he did not know the name: ok - E.g. his school mates believed that the future pope would never become a clergyman).
(with respect to/(s): here: the speaker assigns meaning to a false object.)
Meaning (to mean) de re/Chisholm: of the greatest spy... problem: maybe there is none - two meanings: A) there is a thing, and the one who means identifies it as that to which he ascribes a property (broad conception) - B) The one who means identifies a particular thing as that of which he means something (narrow conception, still descriptive dependent).
Wide view: A: it is easy for the thing to be held for something (corresponds to indirect attribution).
Narrow view: B: it is difficult for the thing to be held for something by someone else.
Opinion de re/Chisholm: early, problem: cannot be explained de dicto, otherwise: e.g. because I know that the more valuable is the more valuable, I must choose both objects in the event of an error: 1. the one of which I believe it wrongly, 2. the right, because I believe of the more valuable ...- Chisholm late: solution: the thing is also identified as the thing of which the subject believes ...
Meaning (to mean)/Wittgenstein: no aiming at an object - no mental activity - paragraph § 689 - neither can the mental explain meaning and reference, nor vice versa. - A picture is as less related to an object from itself as a sentence - only the use makes it to do it.
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004