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Nagel thesis: While you may discredit our objectivity in individual cases by demonstrating that its sources lie elsewhere (in prejudices, desires, etc.), interpretations of these contrasting perspectives on a particular kind will be exhausted sooner or later
Nagel: the validity of thoughts does not depend on how they are used! (>Use theory, meaning/validity: meaning is just not the same as validity.)
O/subjective/Nagel: the effort to identify the subjective and particular or the relative in one’s own attitude inevitably leads to the objective and general.
However, the practice of the community cannot be beaten by the objectivity: the language changes.
For the content of thought - in contrast to the meaning of words.
Frank I 144
O/Nagel: more like a direction in which the mind can proceed - not an end point. - Objective nature of an experience is difficult to understand. - Why should experiences have an objective character at all? - With regard to this question, the brain can be completely ignored - Does it make any sense to ask how my experiences really are as opposed to how they appear to me? - Whatever is said about physical things must be objective.
Nagel III 99
Ot/Nagel: the objective image of the world must be incomplete, because it cannot represent the subjective points of view at the same time. -
O/subjectivity/objective/subjective/Nagel: It does not help to enrich the objective physical image with subjectivity - because there’s nothing that would have been left out - ((s) in physical terms). - Nagel: nevertheless the objective picture is incomplete. - Solution: things do not exist only in one way - one and the same world cannot have irreducibly subjective and irreducible objective characteristics at the same time - it must be possible to reduce one to the other. - To deny this would mean to deny that there is a single world.
O/Nagel: a method of our minds - primarily objective/terminology: beliefs and knowledge - derived objective: truths. - III 18 objectivity: this involves generality, not physical aspects.
O/reality/Nagel: not everything that is real can be better understood the more objectively it is seen. This leads to the distinction between objectivity and reality - physical worldview: does not depend on the senses -
O/objectification/Nagel: Step 1): comprehending the idea of the totality of all human perspectives. - Requirement: conceive one’s own experiences as universally human - no external idea, but the generic concept of the subject. - III 24 consciousness: the concept of consciousness cannot be detatched from any human perspective. - Ancient error: Understanding other people’s psyche/ experiences as part of the outside world.
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994