Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Nagel, Thomas
 
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Objectivity I 9ff
Nagel thesis: While you may discredit our objectivity in individual cases by demonstrating that its sources lie elsewhere (in prejudices, desires, etc.), interpretations of these contrasting perspectives on a particular kind will be exhausted sooner or later
Nagel: the validity of thoughts does not depend on how they are used! (>Use theory, meaning/validity: meaning is just not the same as validity.)
I 26
O/subjective/Nagel: the effort to identify the subjective and particular or the relative in one’s own attitude inevitably leads to the objective and general.
I 60
However, the practice of the community cannot be beaten by the objectivity: the language changes.
For the content of thought - in contrast to the meaning of words.
Frank I 144
O/Nagel: more like a direction in which the mind can proceed - not an end point. - Objective nature of an experience is difficult to understand. - Why should experiences have an objective character at all? - With regard to this question, the brain can be completely ignored - Does it make any sense to ask how my experiences really are as opposed to how they appear to me? - Whatever is said about physical things must be objective.
Nagel III 99
Ot/Nagel: the objective image of the world must be incomplete, because it cannot represent the subjective points of view at the same time. -
III 124
O/subjectivity/objective/subjective/Nagel: It does not help to enrich the objective physical image with subjectivity - because there’s nothing that would have been left out - ((s) in physical terms). - Nagel: nevertheless the objective picture is incomplete. - Solution: things do not exist only in one way - one and the same world cannot have irreducibly subjective and irreducible objective characteristics at the same time - it must be possible to reduce one to the other. - To deny this would mean to deny that there is a single world.
III 11
O/Nagel: a method of our minds - primarily objective/terminology: beliefs and knowledge - derived objective: truths. - III 18 objectivity: this involves generality, not physical aspects.
III 12
O/reality/Nagel: not everything that is real can be better understood the more objectively it is seen. This leads to the distinction between objectivity and reality - physical worldview: does not depend on the senses -
III 22
O/objectification/Nagel: Step 1): comprehending the idea of ​​the totality of all human perspectives. - Requirement: conceive one’s own experiences as universally human - no external idea, but the generic concept of the subject. - III 24 consciousness: the concept of consciousness cannot be detatched from any human perspective. - Ancient error: Understanding other people’s psyche/ experiences as part of the outside world.

N I
Th. Nagel
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999

N II
Th. Nagel
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990

N III
Th. Nagel
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991

Fra I
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994


> Counter arguments against Nagel
> Counter arguments in relation to Objectivity



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-04-24