Books on Amazon
|Ontological Dependence||I 16f
Holism/Esfeld: generic ontological dependence: not existence, but: with respect to having some determined characteristics, a thing depends ont.gen. on that there are other things - the parts have their characteristic properties only as a whole (ontologically or metaphysically (Esfeld per)) - generic: further specification available: E.g. nothing has just a mass (without quantity), all physical quantities are generic - opposite: determined.
ontological dependence necessary instead of mere functional dependence - isolation does not destroy H - but properties that work in isolation as well, are not holistic properties - no functional definition is sufficient - instead: ontological dependence.
Holismus Frankfurt/M 2002