|Reference, in philosophy: relation of a linguistic expression or action to a real object. Reference presupposes the existence of this object. An expression, which corresponds to no object, has no reference, however, may have a meaning. See also unicorn, Pegasus.|
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|Reference||Frank I 386
"direct reference" / reference / Kaplan: explaines the goals of thought well (with massive propositions (Russell)) - CastanedaVs: problem: we need internal accusatives (thin propositions (traditional, Frege / Moore)). -
doxastic accusatives / Castaneda: problem: pure universals are too far away, particularized properties or propositions are too large - Solution: Guise theory of formations: middle: particularized properties, particularized to very thin, finite individuals.
Phenomeno-Logic of the I: Essays on Self-Consciousness Bloomington 1999
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994