|Reference, in philosophy: relation of a linguistic expression or action to a real object. Reference presupposes the existence of this object. An expression, which corresponds to no object, has no reference, however, may have a meaning. See also unicorn, Pegasus.|
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|Reference||Frank I 22
Direct reference/Kaplan: Frege: Triangle: ssingular term - particular - propositional component - Kaplan: direct: 1 relationship singular term - particular by convention, 2nd relationship propositional component-particular: identity.
Here only external sources; compare the information in the individual contributions.
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994