|Reference, in philosophy: relation of a linguistic expression or action to a real object. Reference presupposes the existence of this object. An expression, which corresponds to no object, has no reference, however, may have a meaning. See also unicorn, Pegasus.|
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Reference/Tugendhat: red and rouge denote the same predicate, if applied by the same rule - ((s) use theory, not the meaning but the reference?).
Reference/tradition: is not primarily linguistic - then deictic expressions would be important.
Reference/Tugendhat: standing for (singular term) and being true-of (predicate) superfluous, when we assume only the understanding of the equal sign (identity). (> Substitution).
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Sprachanalytische Philosophie Frankfurt 1976
Philosophische Aufsätze Frankfurt 1992