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|Reference Classes||I 28
Def reference class problem / Cartwright: whether an association relation (> association) exists at all or not depends on the choice of the reference class. (or is dependent on a description) - E.g. uranium: relative to the description (if either uranium or polonium was randomly drawn) is the probability of a high number of clicks - B) Relative to the description that polonium is absent, the prblty is higher. - problem: this is the explanation of subjective p. - solution: the description, which occurs in the demand for explanation, is the privileged one. - Solution: Causal explanation: the cause must make the effect more likely.
How the laws of physics lie Oxford New York 1983