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Scope/Cresswell: E.g. everyone loves someone - :(a) everyone is such that someone is so that the former loves the second - b) someone> - someone is so that everyone is so that he, the second named, loves him, the former - game theoretical semantics/CresswellVsHintikka: has brought nothing new, what Kamp/Heim did not already have - game theory: sequence of choice.
Scope/description/propositional attitudes/Cresswell: sentences about propositional attitudes can always give descriptions a wide range. That is, to make them rigid.
He*/scope/Cresswell: large scope: then it can also be interpreted as "I" - narrow scope: allows "he", "she" or "it" - gods-example/solution/Cresswell:> - speaker index.
"Now"/scope/Cresswell: analog to the case of "I" - narrow scope: here "now" becomes "then". - "here"/Cresswell: Problem: that "people coordinates" could lead to an infinite list - because of the context dependency. - CresswellVs: instead I use (1973a, 110-119) properties of utterances.
Hob/Cob/Nob-Example/Geach/Cresswell: (Geach 1967, 628): Cresswell: needs a quantifier, which is simultaneously inside and outside the scope of the attitude-verb. - Solution/Hill/Kraut: intensional objects as surrogates for individuals and a further quantifier.
Names/scope/Cresswell: normally names have a wider reach than modal operators - this is the "modal objection" VsKripke. - KripkeVsVs: 1972, 279.
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984