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|Language||Avr I 113
Belief/Meaning/FieldVsReductionism: (VsReductive Griceans): it is circular, to want to explain the semantic properties by believe. (This also says the reductionism.) - Field like Grice: one can explain believe without reference to the sentence. - Solution: what makes a symbol a symbol for Caesar is the role in my learning. - Field: then there can be no inner language without a public language. SchifferVsField: no problem: Grice (intention based semantics, IBS) does not need to assume that propositional attitudes have been acquired before the public language. - Both goes hand in hand - only there is no logical dependence between them (and to competence). - Armstrong: both are logically connected. ((s) This is stronger than Schiffer's thesis.).
Horwich I 481
Language/Truth-Definition/Field/Soames: when truth is defined non-semantically (i.e., speaker-independent, i.e. non-physical), language becomes an abstract object. - It has its characteristics essentially. - With other properties, it would be a different language - that is, it could not have been shown that the expressions could have denoted anything else. - Then it is still contingent on language, which language a person speaks. - But the semantic properties (truth, reference, applying) are not contingent.
Realism, Mathematics and Modality Oxford New York 1989
Truth and the Absence of Fact Oxford New York 2001
Science without numbers Princeton New Jersey 1980
P. Horwich (Ed.)
Theories of Truth Aldershot 1994