|Quine, Willard Van Orman
Books on Amazon
|Language Acquisition||V 68
Language learning/Quine: the success depends on whether the similarity standards match. - What do the episodes have in common?.
Approval/learning/Quine: instead of reward: is more general. - There are not enough situations for rewards, because not everything is pronounced. - Language learning: not only by linguistic statements, but also through non-verbal responses. - Even animals. - Approval: leads to voicing one's own sentences -> Gavagai: if you just wait until the parents say rabbit, you will not find out that everything that is called a rabbit is also referred to as an animal. - RI:question and answers game is essential here. - Approval must be obtained. - ((s) reward has to be confirmed otherwis).
1-red from the child, yes from the mother - 2) vice versa - generalization: by previously learned expressions - criterion for approval: readiness, to express an observation sentence on one’s own initiative.
Good/language learning/QuineVsMoore/QuineVsTradition: two factors: perception similarity and desire. - Distinction between aesthetically good and morally well: the former feels good, the latter announces former. - Moral/Quine: as flavor: community thing.
Truth/language learning/Quine: somehow such a connection of meaning and truth is indicative for learning, regardless of the logical particles - we learn the use of declarative sentences by learning the truth conditions - but truth value is learned late.
Compliance/language learning/Quine: in casual conversation - not hidden meanings. - ((s) internal objects).
Set theory/language learning/Quine: set theory/language learning/Quine: by imagining the substitution quantification as a simulation of the referential quantification, we imagine the general term as a simulation of abstract singular terms, of names of attributes or names of classes. - Class name: abstract singular term, not general term.
Whole sentence/holophrastic/language learning/Quine: we need whole sentences to define that e.g. a mirrored object is meant - or reflection. - ((s) or mirroring).
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003