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Definition Transformation/Vollmer: a regular transformation is equivalent to the multiplication of one (or more) characteristic parameters with positive finite real numbers - the factor must not affect any properties that are represented by integers, such as dimension or quantum number.
Invariance/perception/Vollmer: also our perception goes on invariants: Consistency of direction, consistency of size, consistency of shape - objectivity: determines invariance - E.g. charge, mass, spin, etc. Bohr: invariant particles may be called real.
propter hoc/post hoc/Scholastic/Vollmer: E.g. when we say that the stones are getting warm because the sun shines, we say more than if we say that they are getting warm after the sun is shining.
Definition hylemorphism/Vollmer: summarizes the mind as the form of matter (Hyle: Fabric) - the one cannot be without the other - (very general). - simply equates mind with the form.
Notation/Music/Vollmer: only partial isomorphism: it could theoretically include ultrasonic notes.
VsAnalogie: although colors and sounds are wave characteristics, there is no point to make the concept of an octave of colors - triad of colors: no "chord" but uniform 4. color.
Transformability/Vollmer: further than the geometric similarity concept - narrower than the isomorphism concept - one cannot transform an atom model to the size of a planetary system, because there prevail other forces.
Definition Impetus/Buridan/Vollmer: (1300-1385) theory, a body is set in motion, so that one adds a moving force, the impetus - Vs: this proceeds from the Aristotelian assumption that any movement needs a cause - that's wrong - inertia is uniform motion without cause.
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd I Stuttgart 1988
Die Natur der Erkenntnis Bd II Stuttgart 1988